cek tipe hardisk di linux

cek tipe hardisk di linux
Untuk mengetahui usia hardisk, dan type Hardisk di Linux memiliki tools yang bernama smartmontools. Bila belum terinstall di sistem anda, install dengan cara

Fedora

su -c "yum install smartmontools -y"

Debian/Ubuntu

su -c "apt-get install smartmontools -y"

Setelah selesai instalasi, terlebih dahulu cek letak hardisk

su -c "fdisk -l"

sebagai contoh di tempat saya yang muncul seperti dibawah ini

Filesystem                       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/fedora_dhcppc8-root   50G   17G   31G  36% /
devtmpfs                         1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs                            1.9G   14M  1.9G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs                            1.9G  856K  1.9G   1% /run
tmpfs                            1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs                            1.9G  181M  1.8G  10% /tmp
/dev/sda2                         90G   23G   67G  26% /media/sda2
/dev/sda1                        100M   25M   76M  25% /media/sda1
/dev/sda3                        196G  112G   84G  58% /media/sda3
/dev/sda5                        477M  170M  278M  38% /boot
/dev/mapper/fedora_dhcppc8-home  125G   67G   52G  57% /home
/dev/sdb1                         15G  682M   14G   5% /run/media/tommy/6913-6900

hardisk yang saya gunakan berarti berda di /dev/sda, variasi lainnya bisa /dev/hda. Untuk /dev/sdb1 itu adalah flashdisk, tergantung slot yang tersedia, bisa juga /dev/sdc1. Letak hardisk telah diketahui jalankan perintah smartctl

smartctl --all /dev/sda

hasil perintah diatas kurang lebih seperti dibawah ini

smartctl 6.1 2013-03-16 r3800 [x86_64-linux-3.11.1-200.fc19.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-13, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org
 
=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Seagate Barracuda 7200.14 (AF)
Device Model:     ST500DM002-1BD142
Serial Number:    W2AJJ8A2
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000c50 05c49ba25
Firmware Version: KC45
User Capacity:    500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    7200 rpm
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Thu Oct  3 16:17:22 2013 WIT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled
 
=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
 
General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x82)	Offline data collection activity
					was completed without error.
					Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0)	The previous self-test routine completed
					without error or no self-test has ever 
					been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection: 		(  592) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities: 			 (0x7b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
					Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
					Suspend Offline collection upon new
					command.
					Offline surface scan supported.
					Self-test supported.
					Conveyance Self-test supported.
					Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)	Saves SMART data before entering
					power-saving mode.
					Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)	Error logging supported.
					General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time: 	 (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (  76) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time: 	 (   2) minutes.
SCT capabilities: 	       (0x303f)	SCT Status supported.
					SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
					SCT Feature Control supported.
					SCT Data Table supported.
 
SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 10
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   114   099   006    Pre-fail  Always       -       81335080
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   100   100   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   020    Old_age   Always       -       193
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   075   060   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       30584087
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       1133
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   020    Old_age   Always       -       194
183 Runtime_Bad_Block       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
184 End-to-End_Error        0x0032   100   100   099    Old_age   Always       -       0
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
188 Command_Timeout         0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0 0 0
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   064   061   045    Old_age   Always       -       36 (Min/Max 28/38)
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   036   040   000    Old_age   Always       -       36 (0 23 0 0 0)
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   048   036   000    Old_age   Always       -       81335080
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
240 Head_Flying_Hours       0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       1135h+46m+38.770s
241 Total_LBAs_Written      0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       2119606277
242 Total_LBAs_Read         0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       1460945643
 
SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged
 
SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]
 
 
SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

Dari hasil diatas kita bisa melihat berapa lama hardisk tersebut sudah berputar (lifetime), tipe, jenis hardisk, ukuran hardisk dan lain sebagainya.

Last Updated on 7 October 2013 by

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