Home » Install dan Konfigurasi Nextcloud 17 di CentOS 8

Install dan Konfigurasi Nextcloud 17 di CentOS 8

Salah satu aplikasi ‘cloud’ yang paling banyak digunakan adalh Nextcloud, saat ini nextcloud telah mencapai versi 17. Kita akan menggunakan PHP (7.2), Nginx (1.17.4), MariaDB (10.3.11) di serverside.

Setting DNS Domain

Untuk setting domain/subdodmain, terlebih dahulu setting A record untuk subdomain/domain pilihan anda. Biasanya recordnya seperti ini

nextcloud.jaranguda.com IN A 172.217.24.110

nextcloud dns record
sesuaikan subdomain nextcloud.jaranguda.com dan IP server anda.
Konfigurasi ini penting, karena kita akan dibutuhkan untuk setting SSL Lets Encrypt

Nonaktifkan Selinux

sed -i s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g /etc/selinux/config

Install Utility

yum install tar wget unzip git socat -y

Buka Port 80 (http) dan 443 (https)

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=443/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --reload

Install SSL

Download letsencrypt client acme

cd 
git clone https://github.com/Neilpang/acme.sh.git
cd acme.sh

request ssl

./acme.sh --issue -d nextcloud.jaranguda.com --standalone

ganti nextcloud.jaranguda.com dengan subdomain anda.

Install PHP

yum install php php-pdo php-mbstring php-common php-cli php-mysqlnd php-xml php-fpm php-gd php-json php-intl php-zip -y

setting PHP

sed -i 's/user = apache/user = nginx/g' /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/group = apache/group = nginx/g' /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/;listen.owner = nobody/listen.owner = nginx/g' /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/;listen.group = nobody/listen.group = nginx/g' /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/;listen.mode = 0660/listen.mode = 0660/g' /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/g' /etc/php.ini
sed -i 's/;date.timezone =/date.timezone = Asia\/Jakarta/g' /etc/php.ini
sed -i "s/\memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 1024M/" /etc/php.ini

Install MariaDB

$ yum install mariadb-server -y

buat user dan database untuk Nextcloud. User root di Linux otomatis bisa login sebagai root di mariadb (dengan unix socket). Login ke mariadb dengan mengeksekusi perintah mysql

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO "nextcloud"@"localhost" IDENTIFIED BY "YA7WJY7sMAcxNUnhwgie";

Install nginx

Install nginx versi terbaru dari repository nginx.org

yum install dnf-utils -y

Buat file baru /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo, copy paste dibawah ini

[nginx-mainline]
name=nginx mainline repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true

install nginx dengan yum

yum install nginx -y

Buat konfigurasi server nginx di /etc/nginx/conf.d/nextcloud.jaranguda.com.conf

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name nextcloud.jaranguda.com;
    # enforce https
    return 301 https://$server_name:443$request_uri;
}
 
server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    server_name nextcloud.jaranguda.com;
 
    ssl_certificate /root/.acme.sh/nextcloud.jaranguda.com/fullchain.cer;
    ssl_certificate_key /root/.acme.sh/nextcloud.jaranguda.com/nextcloud.jaranguda.com.key;
 
    add_header Referrer-Policy "no-referrer" always;
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff" always;
    add_header X-Download-Options "noopen" always;
    add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN" always;
    add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none" always;
    add_header X-Robots-Tag "none" always;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block" always;
    fastcgi_hide_header X-Powered-By;
 
    root /var/www/nextcloud;
 
    location = /robots.txt {
        allow all;
        log_not_found off;
        access_log off;
    }
 
    # set max upload size
    client_max_body_size 512M;
    fastcgi_buffers 64 4K;
 
    # Enable gzip but do not remove ETag headers
    gzip on;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_comp_level 4;
    gzip_min_length 256;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
    gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;
 
    location / {
        rewrite ^ /index.php$request_uri;
    }
 
    location ~ ^\/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)\/ {
        deny all;
    }
    location ~ ^\/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
        deny all;
    }
 
    location ~ ^\/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core\/ajax\/update|status|ocs\/v[12]|updater\/.+|oc[ms]-provider\/.+)\.php(?:$|\/) {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+?\.php)(\/.*|)$;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        # Avoid sending the security headers twice
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        # Enable pretty urls
        fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
        fastcgi_pass php-handler;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
        fastcgi_request_buffering off;
    }
 
    location ~ ^\/(?:updater|oc[ms]-provider)(?:$|\/) {
        try_files $uri/ =404;
        index index.php;
    }
 
    # Adding the cache control header for js, css and map files
    # Make sure it is BELOW the PHP block
    location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff2?|svg|gif|map)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
        add_header Referrer-Policy "no-referrer" always;
        add_header X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff" always;
        add_header X-Download-Options "noopen" always;
        add_header X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN" always;
        add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies "none" always;
        add_header X-Robots-Tag "none" always;
        add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block" always;
 
        # Optional: Don't log access to assets
        access_log off;
    }
 
    location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg|bcmap)$ {
        try_files $uri /index.php$request_uri;
        # Optional: Don't log access to other assets
        access_log off;
    }
}

yang perlu diganti hanya bagian

server_name
ssl_certificate
ssl_certificate_key

Download Nextcloud

cd /var/www
wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-17.0.0.zip
unzip nextcloud-17.0.0.zip
chown nginx:nginx -R nextcloud

Jalankan php-fpm, mariadb dan nginx

systemctl restart nginx
systemctl enable nginx
systemctl restart mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb
systemctl restart php-fpm
systemctl enable php-fpm

Buka https://subdomain.domain anda
nextcloud 17 di centos 8
isi form yang diminta
nextcloud 17 di centos 8 admin
akhiri dengan mengklik Finish Setup

Anda akan diarahkan ke halaman login Nextcloud
login nextcloud 17

jangan lupa menggunakan Nextcloud Client untuk mempermudah sync/upload/download file dengan berbagai sistem operasi

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